Where Bias Occurs
In his studies of gender bias in otolaryngology, Jean Anderson Eloy, MD, professor and vice chairman of the department of otolaryngology–head and neck surgery at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School in Newark and chairman and chief of service of the department of otolaryngology and facial plastic surgery at Saint Barnabas Medical Center–RWJBarnabas Health in Livingston, N.J., has found a variety of ways in which gender disparity is occurring, and multiple reasons for it.
In an article Drs. Eloy and Chandrasekhar co-authored with others on gender disparities in scholarly productivity within academic otolaryngology departments, the authors found that while men have higher overall research productivity in academic otolaryngology, women demonstrate a different productivity curve. Women produce less research output earlier in their careers than men do, but at senior levels, they equal or exceed men’s research productivity (Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2013;148:215–222).
Dr. Eloy believes this is because it is challenging for women to take a leave of absence from medical school, residency, or fellowship training to have a child, so many choose to have children early in their career.