How well do experienced and novice participants perform using a prototype robotic micromanipulator controller (RMC) in a simulated, microlaryngeal operative setting?
Explore this issue:June 2015
Background: The majority of robotic surgical procedures involve explicit human operator direction and control. Over the last four decades, the coincident advances of robotic surgical technology, microlaryngeal surgical technique, CO2 laser laryngeal surgery, and computer-controlled surgical CO2 laser guidance have led to the development of the prototype (RMC).
Study design: Observational cross-sectional study of 22 recruited participants.