What is the role of combined antimicrobial and surgical therapy for difficult-to-treat nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) lesions of the head and neck in children?
Background: NTM infections are a challenging cause of cervicofacial lymphadenitis in children. Fistula formation and spontaneous drainage often occur and can lead to significant disfiguration of the surrounding skin. Surgical infected lymph node excision is considered to be the most effective treatment, but this approach can be complicated by the infection location and its proximity to facial nerve branches.
Explore this issue:July 2016
Study design: Retrospective cohort review of 71 pediatric head and neck NTM lesions at a tertiary children’s hospital from 1999 to 2012.
Setting: Primary Children’s Hospital in Salt Lake City, Utah.