• HHS begins providing grants to individual states to help set up health insurance exchanges.
Explore This IssueJanuary 2014
July 1, 2011
• CMS stops paying for Medicaid services related to specific hospital-acquired infections.
Oct. 1, 2011
• Fifteen-member Independent Payment Advisory Board is formally established (but no members are nominated). The IPAB is charged with issuing legislative recommendations to lower Medicare spending growth, but only if projected costs exceed a certain threshold.
Jan. 1, 2012
• CMS launches Medicaid bundled-payment demonstration and Accountable Care Organization (ACO) incentive program.
• CMS reduces Medicare Advantage rebates but offers bonuses to high-quality plans.
Aug. 1, 2012
• HHS requires most new and renewing health plans to eliminate cost sharing for women’s preventive health services, including contraception.
Oct. 1, 2012
• CMS begins its Value-Based Purchasing (VBP) Program in Medicare, starting with a 1% withholding in FY2013.
• CMS begins reducing Medicare payments based on excess hospital readmissions, starting with a 1% penalty in FY2013.
Jan. 1, 2013
• CMS starts five-year bundled payment pilot program for Medicare, covering 10 conditions.
• CMS increases Medicaid payments for primary care services to 100% of Medicare’s rate (funded for two years).
• IRS increases Medicare tax rate to 2.35% on individuals earning more than $200,000 and on married couples earning more than $250,000; also imposes 3.8% tax on unearned income among high-income taxpayers.
• IRS begins assessing excise tax of 2.3% on sale of taxable medical devices.
Jan. 2, 2013
• Sequestration results in across-the-board cuts of 2% in Medicare reimbursements.
July 1, 2013
• DHS officially launches Consumer Operated and Oriented Plan (CO-OP) to encourage growth of nonprofit health insurers (roughly $2 billion in loans given to co-ops in 23 states by end of 2012).
Oct. 1, 2013
• Open enrollment begins for state- and federal government-run health insurance exchanges and expanded Medicaid; the rollout is marred by multiple computer glitches.
• CMS lowers Medicare Disproportionate Share Hospital (DSH) payments by 75%, starting in FY2014 but plans to supplement these payments based on each hospital’s share of uncompensated care.
• CMS lowers Medicaid DSH payments by $22 billion over 10 years, beginning with $500 million reduction in FY2014.
Jan. 1, 2014
• Coverage begins through health insurance exchanges. Individuals and families with incomes between 100% and 400% of the federal poverty level can receive subsidies to help pay for premiums.
• Voluntary Medicaid expansions expected to take place in roughly half of all states, for individuals up to 138% of the federal poverty level.