Explore this issue:February 2016
TRIO Best Practice articles are brief, structured reviews designed to provide the busy clinician with a handy outline and reference for day-to-day clinical decision making. The ENTtoday summaries below include the Background and Best Practice sections of the original article. View the complete Laryngoscope articles free of charge.
Surgery for benign parotid tumors has undergone several evolutionary steps over the past century. Prior to the 1930s, the focus of parotid surgery was to limit the risk of facial nerve paralysis, which made intracapsular enucleation the most common procedure performed. However, it became widely recognized that the postoperative risk of recurrence was unacceptably high, even for benign disease. Thus, surgeons began advocating for the superficial parotidectomy (SP) and/or partial parotidectomy, which decreased the recurrence rate to its current level of approximately 2%. With the decrease in recurrence also came the unwanted side effects of increased facial nerve injury, Frey’s syndrome, and salivary fistula.