Mixed martial arts (MMA), also known as cage fighting, is a rapidly growing, albeit relatively young, sport. Popularized in the U.S. in 1993 with the formation of the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC), the sport existed previously in an underground and unregulated form.
Explore this issue:July 2012
Naturally, we would expect to see an increase in the number of MMA-related injuries in our clinics, some through accident and emergency department referrals.
Otolaryngologists on the Front Line
The first medical officer to attend to such a patient is often an ENT practitioner. In fact, over the past two months, there has been an increase in the number of MMA-induced injuries seen here in the ENT department at Luton and Dunstable Hospital in London. More specifically, we have seen three septal hematomas, four pinna hematomas and several fractured nasal bones, all caused by MMA fighting. In two of the cases of pinna hematomas, the patients returned several times—four times in a month in one case—requiring repeated draining due to persistent fighting. This occurred even though they had been advised that if they continued to fight without adequate protection, they were likely to suffer similar injuries.