“In the real world, a surgeon will face different situations. The concept of surgical education is that you will have already worked through these scenarios and know how to react,” said Carol R. Bradford, MD, MS, executive vice dean for academic affairs and professor of otolaryngology-head and neck surgery at the University of Michigan Medical School in Ann Arbor.
Explore this issue:January 2019
Expanded Role for Simulation
Newer simulation tools may incorporate some of the latest technology from the entertainment world, but not all are well validated for usefulness. In one 2017 systematic review of otolaryngology simulators, 54 out of 64 products had been vetted by only one validation study, and none received the highest level of recommendation from these studies (J Surg Educ. 2017;74:203-215).
“Simulation and gamification (game-based technology) deliver experiential learning through highly interactive, engaging methods that often include complex graphics and 3D components,” said Sonya Malekzadeh, MD, FACS, director of the residency program in otolaryngology-head and neck surgery at MedStar Georgetown University Hospital in Washington, D.C. The use of simulation-based medical education has exploded recently due to recent medical education reform and political and societal pressures for quality and safety, she said.