Postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leak, smoking status, and non-Caucasian ethnicity are associated with significantly increased costs following endoscopic transphenoidal pituitary surgery.
Articles tagged with "clinical costs"
Evidence-based preoperative assessment protocols that reduce unnecessary testing and extraneous cost without increased perioperative morbidity and mortality should be implemented into routine otolaryngology practice.
Upfront sialendoscopy is more cost-effective compared to medicalbmanagement–ultrasound.
Results suggest that adenoidectomy with electrocautery is significantly less expensive than microdebrider and coblator, with no differences in complication rates.