The incidence of thyroid cancer has sharply increased over the past decade, with estimates showing a rise in newly diagnosed cases from about 17,000 in 1998 to more than 30,000 in 2007. Among the main four types of thyroid cancer (papillary, follicular, medullary, and anaplastic), most patients will be diagnosed with papillary thyroid cancer, which is associated with a highly favorable prognosis with appropriate treatment.
Explore this issue:July 2008
Despite their good prognosis, many patients diagnosed with papillary thyroid cancer will have recurrences and/or have the disease spread, particularly to the neck. It has been estimated that 30% to 90% of these patients will have metastases to the cervical lymph nodes.
With the rapid increase in the incidence of disease, along with the high percentage of patients with papillary carcinoma that are at risk of disease spread to the neck, much discussion is under way on how best to manage tumors that recur and/or spread, particularly to the cervical lymph nodes.| | | Next → | Single Page