Is it possible to determine more standardized clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for retropharyngeal abscesses (RPAs)?
Literature Reviews » Pediatric
Can risk factors for bilateral hearing loss (HL) be used to predict HL among infants who do not pass the initial newborn hearing screening?
Can risk factors for oxygen desaturation be predictors for post-operative apneic death in pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients?
Can the effect of propranolol on infantile hemangiomas be quantified? Background: The utilization of propranolol for the treatment of infantile hemangiomas is efficacious and is considered the first-line treatment. Many questions still remain regarding propranolol, including the mechanism of action, the specific clinical effects, the duration of treatment and the reason(s) for treatment failure in […]
What is the association between sleep apnea and hypertension in younger patients? Background: Younger patients with sleep apnea have a higher cardiovascular mortality rate compared with their normal counterparts. Because treating sleep apnea in hypertensive patients has been proven to reduce blood pressure, young patients with hypertension may be a good target screening population for […]
Do the costs and benefits of cochlear implantation differ between infants and older children? Background: While many studies show more rapid auditory and cognitive development in early cochlear implantation, other studies report little difference in outcomes in a small sample of children, some implanted before 12 months of age and others implanted later. Additionally, the development […]
What is the role of balloon catheter sinuplasty (BCS) in the surgical management of pediatric sinus disease? Background: Adenoidectomy and functional endoscopic sinus surgery have traditionally comprised the surgical management of chronic recurrent sinusitis (CRS) recalcitrant to medical therapy in the pediatric population. First introduced in 2006, BCS does not involve tissue removal and is, theoretically, […]
Are there any intraoperative findings that could determine whether a second look procedure should be performed in pediatric cholesteatoma surgery? Background: There is no clear consensus regarding the surgical management of pediatric cholesteatoma. Canal wall up surgery is a popular approach, but the indications and timing of a second look procedure remain vague. Study design: Retrospective chart […]
Have the characteristics of acute mastoiditis in children changed in the post-heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) era? Background: With the advent of antibiotics, the incidence of acute mastoiditis, a complication of acute otitis media (AOM), has decreased. In recent years, however, there have been reports of an increase in the frequency of acute mastoiditis, which remains […]
What are the disparities in socioeconomic status and health care utilization in hearing-impaired children? Background: Multiple barriers potentially contribute to health disparities experienced by children with hearing loss. These can include communication barriers, fear, mistrust and frustration with the health care system, medical and non-medical costs and the logistics of care. Although health disparities have been […]