Following the course, the participants were asked to take an anonymous survey ranking the various modalities using a Likert scale in which 1 meant disagreement and 5 meant agreement; open-ended responses were also included. In 2007 there was a training session for four training programs in one city using four learning modalities. In 2008 this was expanded to include seven regional programs using five learning modalities.
The lectures included a keynote presentation reviewing state of the art and future directions. Brief 20-minute lectures reviewed anatomy, anesthesia, techniques, and history of bronchoesophagology.
In the animal laboratory, we used anesthetized piglets and vegetable and inert foreign bodies, Dr. Deutsch said. The high-fidelity infant simulation mannequins were life-sized models with interactive responses with specific physiologic capabilities, such as chest wall motion, breath sounds and stridor, laryngospasm, and oxygen saturation decreases. The mannequins are programmable and controlled, she explained. The participants respond directly to the mannequin’s condition, which provides an increased sense of realism. For example, she said, if certain equipment was left on the drapes, smoke appeared from under the table. | ← Previous | | | Next → | Single Page