Newer studies assess the effect of cochlear implants on independent risk factors for dementia associated with hearing loss, including cognition, depression, and physical activity.
TRIO Best Practices
In patients with suspected CRS based on symptoms but with normal endoscopic findings, an upfront CT scan is a viable option prior to initiating empiric medical therapy.
Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) has become increasingly accepted as a treatment modality in human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive T1/T2 oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC).
Physicians must recognize that the validity and accuracy of the smartphone apps are unknown.
Parotid gland malignancies with clinically evident regional nodal metastasis should undergo a formal neck dissection, followed by appropriate adjuvant therapy.
Based on the current literature, there is evidence to suggest a beneficial role of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) post lung transplantation in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients with and without nasal polyposis.
Patients with CPAP-intolerant refractory sleep apnea confirmed by polysomnography should be offered a drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) with the potential for directed surgery.
CT and MRI are widely available and afford excellent anatomic resolution.