Literature Review: A Roundup of Important Recent Studies

Oral steroids in chronic rhinosinusitis; macrolide therapy for chronic rhinosinusitis; parotid gland lymphoma consideration in parotid lesion evaluation; better dialogues with patients may minimize liability in cranial nerve injury malpractice trials; obesity in children with OSA can lead to depression, withdrawal; many otolaryngologists dissatisfied with current sinus CT results

Literature Review: A Roundup of Important Recent Studies

Transnasal balloon catheter dilation of eustachian tube relieves ear pressure; fat graft myringoplasty highly successful in certain tympanic membrane perforations; molecular testing may improve differentiated thyroid cancer diagnoses; polysomnography widely used in pediatrics, but not up to practice guidelines; length of intubation, number of sedation doses affect subglottic stenosis risk in children; little difference between tetracaine and lidocaine for nasal endoscopy

Literature Review: A Roundup of Important Recent Studies

MRI cost justified in dysosmia; ESS superior to medical therapy for QOL in CRS; First-line steroid therapy can improve outcomes for ISSHL; TORS total laryngectomy effective for salvage surgery; Cidofovir effective for recurrent respiratory papillomatosis; High-volume academic medical centers have lower complication rates for head and neck oncologic surgery

Literature Review: A Roundup of Important Recent Studies

Routine ICU admission for all post-surgical OSA patients unnecessary; parent education for adenotonsillectomy risks; resident Facebook postings impact professionalism; no difference in life expectancy with HNSCC imaging modality; nasal steroids effective in chronic rhinosinusitis with polyposis; costs of laryngeal diseases.

Both Endoscopic and External Approaches Needed for ZD

Is the transcervical approach indicated in the treatment of Zenker’s diverticulum (ZD) and, if so, to what extent? Background: According to the literature, the only existing curative approach to ZD is surgical treatment. While the endoscopic-microscopic method is now established as the treatment of choice, studies have not shown if and to what extent traditional external […]

Acute Mastoiditis Admissions Up, Despite Vaccination

Have the characteristics of acute mastoiditis in children changed in the post-heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) era? Background: With the advent of antibiotics, the incidence of acute mastoiditis, a complication of acute otitis media (AOM), has decreased. In recent years, however, there have been reports of an increase in the frequency of acute mastoiditis, which remains […]

Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Monitoring No Better Than ID Alone

Is intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) during thyroidectomy better than identification alone at reducing the risk of true vocal fold palsy (TVFP)? Background: TVFP is one of the most feared complications of thyroidectomy and is, along with hypoparathyroidism, one of the leading causes for litigation after thyroidectomy. Additionally, some individuals with unilateral […]