Chemoradiation therapy (CRT) for head and neck cancer is overused at some centers in patients with early-stage laryngeal cancer, and more care should be taken not to overtreat patients with therapy that can have toxic effects, said invited lecturer Jonas Johnson, MD, at the Annual Meeting of the Triological Society, held here on April 29 as part of the Combined Otolaryngology Spring Meetings.
Articles tagged with "laryngology"
Neurotrophic factors can be introduced using stem cells and, along with the plant alkaloid vincristine, can be used to selectively reinnervate the larynx in rat models, a researcher from Indiana University said here on April 29 at the Annual Meeting of the Triological Society, held as part of the Combined Otolaryngology Spring Meetings.
Is treatment with chemotherapy alone feasible for advanced laryngeal or hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma? Background: A favorable response to induction chemotherapy has been shown to be predictive of response to chemoradiation in patients with advanced laryngeal squamous cell cancer. Because of the adverse long-term sequelae of radiation therapy, including fibrosis and dysphagia, this study sought to […]
Does young age adversely affect prognosis for oral squamous cell carcinoma? Background: Squamous cell carcinoma in young patients (<40 years of age) is believed to have an etiology that is distinct from squamous cell cancer in older patients because these patients have had less exposure to risk factors such as tobacco and alcohol use. Younger patients […]
What is the efficacy and safety of bioabsorbable miniplates as an alternative to autologous grafts in single-stage laryngotracheal reconstruction for subglottic stenosis? Background: Since the 1960s, the incidence of acquired subglottic stenosis has dramatically increased due to the improved survival of low birth weight infants and the increased use of long-term endotracheal intubation in neonates. The […]
What are the success and complication rates of laryngeal framework surgery (LFS), including medialization laryngoplasty (ML) and arytenoid adduction (AA)? Background: Since its introduction in the 1970s, LFS, comprised of ML and AA, has been increasingly utilized for vocal fold paralysis and glottal incompetence. Little is known, however, about the incidence of ML/AA surgery nationwide or […]
Are factors such as age, gender, degree of vocal fold atrophy and the burden of medical problems associated with voice therapy outcomes for presbyphonia? Background: Although voice therapy is generally considered the mainstay of rehabilitation for the aging voice, there is little data on its efficacy for this indication, especially with regard to the effects of […]